Friday, February 22, 2019

Allergic Reaction or Something More? Common Rashes You Shouldn’t Ignore

Everyone gets a rash at some point in their lives. More often than not, rashes are minor and pop up as a reaction to an external irritant, like changing soap or laundry detergent or coming in contact with certain plants or animals.

These rashes typically go away on their own or with a simple over-the-counter treatment and are nothing more than a temporary annoyance.

Sometimes, though, a rash is an indicator of a more serious health issue. In fact, doctors often look at patients’ skin as a sort of window into what’s happening inside the body, as many serious illnesses often appear as hives, rashes, lesions or other skin issues. The kinds of rashes requiring medical attention are usually, but not always, accompanied by additional symptoms that need to be addressed. If you have a rash or skin irritation along with any of the following signs and symptoms, or you simply don’t feel well, don’t ignore it, and see a doctor right away.

Bullseye Rash
One of the most common types of rashes that needs immediate medical attention is a bullseye or circular rash, whether it appears with additional symptoms or not. One of the classic signs of Lyme Disease, the bullseye rash appears after you’ve been bitten by an infected tick; it can take up to 30 days for the rash to appear, and it might appear in several places on your body. If you notice this rash, get to a doctor right away as a course of antibiotics can cure the disease. It’s especially important to see a doctor if this rash is accompanied by a fever and chills, fatigue, headache, body aches and a stiff neck.

Purple Rashes
Any time you notice a rash that appears purple, you should see a doctor right away as these rashes are often indicative of chronic disease. For example, rashes that are purple and velvety feeling and appear on the back of your neck and in the folds of your body (like your underarms) are often a sign of Type II diabetes, especially when accompanied by other symptoms including fatigue, unexplained weight changes, excessive hunger or thirst, headaches and vision problems.

Another purple rash that shouldn’t be ignored is one that appears as spots on your hands and feet, which may indicate a bacterial infection in the heart. Lesions that look like bruises and are located all over your body can also be an indicator of a circulation issue or vasculitis, which indicates that your blood isn’t clotting properly. And finally, a purple rash that is limited to your lower legs and feet can be a sign of hepatitis C, so a visit to the doctor is in order.

Butterfly Rash
Facial rashes are commonly caused by sun exposure or cosmetics, but one type of rash in particular requires medical attention. The so-called “butterfly rash,” named because of the way it spreads across one’s cheeks, is a classic sign of the autoimmune disease lupus. While the rash isn’t typically painful, it can itch and burn. This type of rash may be accompanied by fatigue, stiff or sore joints, headaches, mouth or nose sores, hair loss and extreme sensitivity to cold temperatures; if this sounds like you, you need to see your healthcare provider for testing and treatment.


Itchy, Dry Skin
Itchy rashes aren’t necessarily a sign of a serious health problem, but they can be if they don’t clear up quickly or they come with other symptoms. For example, many people suffer from eczema, characterized by dry itchy skin that appears inflamed and might be thickened or crusty. Most eczema can be managed with topical treatments, but you should see a doctor to rule out more serious illness, including thyroid conditions or autoimmune diseases that could be causing the problem. It’s especially important for women to see a doctor if the itchy rash appears on the breasts and is accompanied by discharge from the nipples, as that may be indicative of cancer in the breast ducts.

Ultimately, any rash that is accompanied by pain or fever, has blisters or any type of pus or discharge or isn’t readily explained by a change in your environment — especially if it appears to be triggered by your diet or medication — needs to be evaluated by a physician. It might be dry skin or a reaction to something unexpected, but it’s better to be sure and take care of the issue quickly.

This is a guest blog posting. 

Monday, February 18, 2019

Radical treatment of moyamoya disease


Moyamoya disease is a chronic pathology that affects cerebral vessels. In patients with moyamoya, main arteries of the brain become narrow and can’t provide sufficient blood supply. In order to compensate deteriorated blood flow, smaller arteries begin to widen and new tiny vessels grow.

It is believed that the pathology is caused by a genetic factor, as it is often diagnosed in members of one family. Other possible causes include autoimmune disorders, fibromuscular dysplasia and cranial trauma.

Symptoms of the pathology

Symptoms of moyamoya disease are caused by two factors: cerebral hypoxia due to blockages of vessels and formation of new, abnormal artery clusters. Patients usually have the following complaints:

●    Headaches
●    Blurred vision
●    Numbness and/or weakness in the extremities, usually unilateral
●    Seizures or seizure-like episodes
●    Uncontrolled and involuntary movements
●    Speech disturbances
●    Psychomotor retardation in children
●    Decline of cognitive functions in adults

Symptoms usually reveal themselves during the physical exertion – sports training, intensive coughing, crying. Other trigger factors include fever and arterial hypertension.
Moyamoya disease diagnostics

Diagnostics of the pathology includes a number of investigations that allow visualizing cerebral vessels and checking their function:

●    MRI and CT scans provide a comprehensive picture of the whole brain
●    Cerebral angiography is a direct vessel examination that includes highlighting them with special contrast agent
●    Transcranial Doppler ultrasound examination provides information about vessels’ structure and intensity of blood flow
●    PET and SPECT scans reflects brain functional activity
●    Electroencephalography measures electrical activity of the brain

Only well-equipped hospitals abroad are able to carry out all the necessary examinations and ensure reliable result of the diagnostics.

Approaches to treatment of moyamoya

 Moyamoya disease treatment tactics includes drugs administration and surgery. Drug intake can
prevent stroke in some measure and improve headache and seizures.

During the direct revascularization, or direct bypass surgery, a doctor connects a superficial scalp artery to a brain artery. This allows for passing narrowed vessel segments and restoring normal blood flow.

Indirect revascularization, or indirect bypass surgery, involves gradual growing of normal superficial arteries into the brain tissue. A healthy scalp artery is attached to the brain surface through a hole in the skull. Over time, the artery forms new branches inside cerebral tissue.

Surgery is more preferable than drug treatment, as it reduces hemorrhage risk more significantly and doesn’t require lifelong medications intake.

Clinics that help patients with moyamoya

In order to provide effective treatment with a low rate of complications, hospitals should have state-of-art equipment for neurosurgical interventions and a well-coordinated team of doctors (neurosurgeons, neurologists, therapeutists). World leading hospitals that offer moyamoya disease treatment include:

●    University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian, University of Munich, Germany
●    Charite University Hospital, Berlin, Germany
●    University Hospital HM Monteprincipe, Madrid, Spain
●    University Hospital for Neurosurgery, Salzburg, Austria
●    Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel

All of these hospitals admit patients from abroad provided that they have a visa, correctly prepared medical documents, and invitation for treatment.

Cost of treatment
 

Patients with moyamoya disease usually require thorough diagnostics followed by individually chosen neurosurgical intervention. Moyamoya surgery cost mainly depends on the country, level of the hospital, and doctor. Surgery price starts from 7,215€ in Thailand, from 8,485€ in India, and from 9,793€ in Spain. Price for diagnostics starts from 535€ in Thailand, from 876€ in Turkey, and from 1,725€ in Germany.

In order to choose the best hospital exactly for your case, you should contact Booking Health. Booking Health is the only international certified medical tourism operator. We will guide you through the whole process of treatment abroad, assisting with all medical and organizational aspects.

This is a guest blog entry.

Implementing Responsible Gambling Using Online Casinos


Gambling is something that most people enjoy. Currently, online gambling is a huge trend among people all around the globe. Online casinos guarantee a safe gaming environment. But is it really safe for you to gamble at these online casinos?

The Online Gambling Trend

 The gambling community has gone digital with online gambling. There are several online casinos which offer an extensive range of games for you to select from. People are rapidly adjusting themselves with this new industry.

The different leading online casinos offer an ultimate gambling experience. But along with that, there are certainly other things that must be taken care of as well. These are things that can easily destroy the well-being of any person. And must therefore not be neglected by the online casinos.

Things to Consider

The online casinos must take preventive measures to protect their customers from all kinds of problems. Too much gambling can turn into an addiction. The privacy of the members of these online casinos could be at risk by hackers. Here are some tips for responsible gaming that you need to know about.

-    Protecting users against Gambling Addiction.

Did you know that online casinos can limit the amount of time their visitors are allowed to play? If you are looking to sign up for one, note if they have any such rules. The decision to limit the time is to prevent people from getting heavily addicted to gambling.

-    Not Allowing Underage Gambling.

In many countries, it is illegal to gamble if you are under the age of 21. So, care must be taken to make sure that the age of the visitors is at least 21 or higher than that.

-    Securing Private Details of Customers.

When their members register at their online casinos, they enter a lot of personal details on their servers. These details must not become available to any other person without the consent of the customer.

-    Protecting their Members against Criminal Offenses.

The online casinos must host a protected server for their customers. They will be entering a lot of personal details including their credit card and bank account details. No one should be able to compromise their privacy.

Effect of Responsible Gambling

Online casinos must implement responsible gambling at their casinos. This will develop trust among the people and will, in turn, be good for the casinos themselves. All the measures mentioned above must be taken seriously by every online casino. These are necessary to make gambling a secure and safe experience for people around the world.

Gambling is not illegal, but it can be disastrous when a person gets addicted. With the option of online casinos, people are more at risk of getting addicted than ever. For this reason, implementing responsible gambling has been a necessity. And it must not be overlooked by online casinos to provide their customers maximum satisfaction.

How do you gamble and what is your strategy to ensure that you do not go overboard? Let us know below.

This is a guest blog entry.